Principal Search Engines, Libraries,
Databases, Networks, and Directories about Peace,
Conflict, and Security
NOTE: Also check the many
relevant links in the United States Government Information
Foreign Policy, International Relations Journals and
Magazines, and Research Institutes sections of
this Web site, among others.
Center for Security Studies-- World-class clearinghouse for resources in the field of security and defense studies, peace and conflict research, and international relations, with a large digital library, as well as datasets and graphics. "The world’s leading open access information service for international relations and security professionals," from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich.
Conflict and Security Resource Guide-- From Eldis, a fine directory and gateway to electronic information resources on development, this resource guide "examines the drivers and dynamics of inter and intra-state conflicts such as ethnicity and competition for natural resources. It also highlights current approaches and responses to conflict prevention and resolution and best practice in the design of security and peacebuilding programmes."
Global Terrorism Database-- From the University of Maryland, "an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2015 (with annual updates planned for the future). Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 150,000 cases."
Peace and Collaborative Development Network-- "Free professional networking site that works to foster dialogue and sharing of resources in international development, conflict resolution, gender mainstreaming, human rights, social entrepreneurship and related fields." Posts "fellowship/scholarship opportunities, information about relevant academic programs, training opportunities, news about new publications... questions about new or ongoing research projects, discussion of conflict regions, videos and photos, and more."
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute-- One of the foremost institutes of its type in the world, specializing in the collection and analysis of data on weapons developments, arms transfers and production, and military expenditure, as well as on arms limitations, reductions and disarmament. They have outstanding publications, plus several databases of information on those topics.
Conflict Data Program-- From Uppsala University's Department
of Peace and Conflict Research, "information on a
large number of aspects of armed violence [and
peacemaking] since 1946," in the form of widely-referenced
downloadable databases, a Conflict Encyclopaedia,
definitions of concepts, country profiles, maps, charts,
graphs, and publications.
• Arms Control Association-- National
nonpartisan membership organization promoting public
understanding of and support for effective arms control
policies, with online fact sheets, papers, full-text
documents, arms control briefings, subject and country
directories, and the journal Arms Control Today.
• Bonn International Center for Conversion--
Clearinghouse on practical conversion experiences and
projects, to support and promote the process by which
resources are shifted from the military or the defense
sector towards civilian purposes. Posts many online free
"reports, briefs, and papers which analyze the
international conversion process, report on conversion
projects and experiences, and offer scientific as well as
• British American Security Information
Council-- An independent research organization that
analyzes government policies in defense, disarmament,
military strategy, and nuclear issues. Many analytical
• Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists--
Focus on "global security issues, especially the
continuing dangers posed by nuclear and other weapons of
mass destruction, and the appropriate roles of nuclear
technology." Online copies of parts of the Bulletin,
the famous nuclear Doomsday Clock, and other information
about international security and nuclear issues.
Endowment for International Peace-- Conducts
programs of research, discussion, publication, and
education in international affairs and U.S. foreign
policy, and publishes the quarterly journal Foreign
Policy. Specialties are "particularly in the areas
of Russia and Eurasia, China, the Indian
subcontinent/South Asia, globalization, nonproliferation
and security affairs." Many publications are posted online, such
as policy briefs, working papers, and reports. The
Carnegie Endowment has other centers in Moscow,
Beirut, and Brussels
(the latter for the EU), all of which tend to focus on
• Center for International Policy--
Policy organization in Washington, D.C. "promoting a U.S.
foreign policy based on international cooperation,
demilitarization and respect for basic human rights."
Posts reports and a newsletter on human rights,
international security, and conflict resolution issues. Their Security
Assistance Monitor "documents all publicly
accessible information on U.S. security and defense
assistance programs throughout the world, including arms
sales, military and police aid, training programs,
exercises, exchanges, bases and deployments."
• Center for Systemic
Peace-- "Engaged in innovative research on the
problem of political violence within the structural
context of the dynamic global system... supports
scientific research and quantitative analysis in many
issue areas related to the fundamental problems of
violence in both human relations and societal-systemic
development processes," with the goal of "minimizing the
resort to and the effects of political violence in the
world as a whole." Posts many studies, data, and graphics
on the topic, including global trend analysis and the Global
Research Unit-- Part of the Netherlands
Institute of International Relations, focusing on the
study of intrastate conflict and conflict management,
especially in the developing world. Studies, papers, and
seminar proceedings are online.
• Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN)-- A collaborative multi-media
database of resources relevant to teaching and research on
the Northern Ireland conflict, at the University of
• Country Reports on Terrorism-- U.S. Department of State yearly reports on terrorism around the world, submitted to the U.S. Congress.
• Federation of American Scientists-- A policy organization whose Board of Sponsors includes over 55 American Nobel Laureates, FAS is engaged in analysis and advocacy in science, technology, and public policy for global security. Note the different programs, such as the Intelligence Resource Program. FAS posts links to the excellent Congressional Research Service Reports on international security issues.
for Peace-- Non-profit research and educational NGO
whose mission is "to prevent war and alleviate the
conditions that cause war" by specializing in "the
diagnosis and resolution of conflicts associated with weak
and failing states and on foreign policy responses." Many
insightful publications are posted, including analytical
reports, the annual Fragile States Index,
and country profiles.
• Geneva Centre for Security
Policy-- "International foundation established in
1995 with 46 member states for the primary purpose of
promoting peace, security and stability through executive
education, research and dialogue." Posts studies on global
and regional security issues.
• Global Initiative on Civil Society and Conflict-- From the University of South Florida, "an institute that focuses on sociocultural and human dynamics research in areas of political instability as well as global identity politics, race, class, and gender issues as they relate to civil society." Posts studies on that topic, as well as the Citizenship Index and the Tribalism Index.
• Heidelberg Institute
for International Conflict Research-- From the
University of Heidelberg, "dedicated to the distribution
of knowledge over the emergence, course, and settlement of
interstate and intrastate political conflicts." Of
particular interest is the annual Conflict Barometer, a
"summary of the course of conflicts globally." Related
maps and data are available.
• Insight on
Conflict-- "Provides information on local
peacebuilding organisations in areas of conflict... who
the local peacebuilders are [over 900 peacebuilding
organisations in 29 conflict zones], what they do, and how
you might get in touch with them [and] how some of the
worst conflicts in the world are being resolved by local
people and local organisations."
• Institute for Economics and Peace-- Non-profit research organization dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive, achievable, and tangible measure of human well-being. The Global Peace Index, produced by IEP, is the world’s leading measure of peacefulness; it uses 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators to measure peace in over 160 countries worldwide. IEP research also includes a series of national peace indices, as well as the Global Terrorism Index.
• Institute for Science and International
Security-- Non-partisan research organization that
provides technical analyses of nuclear weapons programs
around the world, promoting nuclear transparency and
government accountability, and strengthening international
efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. Online
publications, country studies, satellite imagery, and
• International Campaign to Ban Landmines--
Information on the landmines issue and the campaign
against them. Note especially the extensive Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor
reports, country profiles, and other data.
• International Crisis Group--
"Independent, non-profit, multinational organisation...
working through field-based analysis and high-level
advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict." Quality
factual and analytical information on crisis spots in
reports, briefings, and databases. Offers CrisisWatch,
a bulletin on "all the most significant situations of
conflict or potential conflict around the world."
• International Institute for Counter-Terrorism-- Based in Israel, this site is a comprehensive resource on international terrorism and counter-terrorism, featuring an extensive database on terrorist organizations and attacks, news updates, and many articles and studies on international terrorism.
"Independent, international peacebuilding organization and
strategic partner of the United Nations... [to] bring
together governments, multilateral and UN agencies, and
experts to analyze the latest in peacebuilding trends...
[and] combine our local peacebuilding knowledge with the
latest in international thinking to assist the international
community, including the United Nations, to play a more
effective role in supporting peacebuilding efforts around
the world." Much information and analysis on peacebuilding.
• International Peace Institute-- "Independent, international not-for-profit think tank with a staff representing more than 20 nationalities, located in New York across from United Nations headquarters... dedicated to promoting the prevention and settlement of conflicts between and within states by strengthening international peace and security institutions." Many publications and videos on that topic.
• James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies-- "Strives to combat the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by training the next generation of nonproliferation specialists and disseminating timely information and analysis... [and is] the largest nongovernmental organization in the United States devoted exclusively to research and training on nonproliferation issues." Posts studies on general and headline topics, including videos.
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization--
NATO is attempting to participate in the development of
cooperative security structures for the whole of Europe.
This site has a complete archive of all official documents
and both general and specific NATO publications. Note
the NATO Review magazine. The NATO
Defense College posts publications and studies on
topics related to the alliance.
• National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism-- "Better known as START, a university-based research and education center comprised of an international network of scholars committed to the scientific study of the causes and human consequences of terrorism in the United States and around the world." Posts high-quality content on the topic, including news, publications, data and analysis, tools, and teaching materials.
• Norwegian Centre for Conflict Resolution-- "Independent foundation established to integrate knowledge, experience, and critical reflection into and thereby strengthen peacebuilding policy and practice." Posts many insightful publications on international issues, from "the gathering and sharing of timely information and analysis by commissioning and publishing research carried out by experts in their fields..."
• Nuclear Threat Initiative-- Founded
by Ted Turner and former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn, "to
strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and
preventing the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical
weapons." Site posts a WMD news service, tutorials,
country surveys, maps, policy papers, documents, media
materials, and databases.
• Oxford Research Group-- “Independent peace and security think-and-action-tank that has been … pioneering the idea of sustainable approaches to security as an alternative to violent global confrontation, through original research, wide-ranging dialogue, and practical policy recommendations.” Posts a large number of insightful studies in many topics.
Research Institute Frankfurt-- The largest such
institute in Germany, its "work is directed towards
identifying the causes of violent international and
internal conflicts, carrying out research into the
conditions necessary for peace, understood as a process of
decreasing violence and increasing justice, and spreading
the concepts of peace," including through policy
consulting. Posts many studies on these topics.
• Peace Research Institute
Oslo-- "Independent research institution known for
its effective synergy of basic and policy-relevant
research... conducts graduate training and is engaged in
the promotion of peace through conflict resolution,
dialogue and reconciliation, public information and
policymaking activities." Posts publications and studies.
Note the Mapping
Arms Data visualization project.
• Pugwash Conferences on Science and World
Affairs-- International scientific organization
dedicated to eliminating nuclear weapons and war, reducing
the danger of armed conflict, and seeking cooperative
solutions for global problems. Features reports and
statements, videos, publications on key global security
issues including nuclear, chemical and biological weapons,
regional conflict, and science and society.
• Royal United Services Institute-- World-class "independent think tank engaged in cutting edge defence and security research," in London, with expertise "utilised by governments, parliament and other key stakeholders." Posts authoritative studies online-- "rigorous, expert and objective analysis of current trends and developments"-- some free and some for members only.
non-governmental organisation [based in the UK] that works
to prevent and reduce violent conflict and promote
cooperative approaches to security... through advocacy,
research and policy development and through supporting the
actions of others." Posts "research reports, briefing
papers, articles and training packs."
Arms Survey Project-- From the Graduate Institute of
International and Development Studies, Geneva, a
multinational effort to spread information and analysis
about the proliferation of small arms and light weapons
around the world. Many publications and resources online,
including the annual Small Arms Survey.
• United Nations Institute for Disarmament
Research-- This UN organization provides
information, summaries, and some full-text results of its
research on nuclear, biological, chemical, missile, small
arms, landmine, peacekeeping, and education issues. Also
note the United Nations
Office for Disarmament Affairs and its Disarmament
• United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime--
Much news, information, and analysis on illicit drugs,
drug abuse, drug trafficking, organized crime, criminal
justice, terrorism, corruption, and human trafficking.
Note the annual "World Drug Report."
• United Nations Peacekeeping Operations--
Much information on current and completed missions, from
the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations.
States Army War College-- The top school in the U.S.
Army officer education system, with international affairs
and security studies accessible online. Note especially
the Parameters journal and the Strategic Studies Institute pages.
Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
may be of interest, especially its many publications and case
States Institute of Peace-- The mission of the USIP is to strengthen
the nation's capabilities to promote the peaceful
resolution of international conflicts. Institute project
reports, briefings, event summaries, and news items are
available online, with archives and extensive links on
conflict topics. Note the Publications section and the Research Centers in International
Relations on the Web directory, by country. Peace Terms is an "extensive
glossary [that] provides short definitions of a wide
range of complex and often confusing terms used in the
field of conflict resolution."